Stages of translation. Translocation is the movement of materials from leaves to other tissues throughout the plant. Translation for 'translocation' in the free French-English dictionary and many other English translations. Translation. The translation of mRNA into protein by a ribosome takes place within the cytosol. Guanosine triphosphate (GTP), which is a purine nucleotide triphosphate, acts as an energy source during translation—both at the start of elongation and during the ribosome’s translocation. Translocation has not been used extensively as a conservation tool for nonhuman primates, although it may play a larger role in the future. Once the appropriate AUG is identified, the 50S subunit binds to the complex of Met-tRNAi, mRNA, and the 30S subunit. Practice: Translation. Addition of a protease to the products of translation enables evaluation of the protein topology relative to the microsomal membrane. Types of Translocation: Translocation may be classified on the basis of the trans-located segment being present in the same, homologous or non-homologous chromosome, and the number of breaks involved in the translocation. In genetics, it is the exchange of parts between two chromosomes.In this article, we are going to be looking at chromosomal translocation specifically. Translation is the process where the information carried in mRNA molecules is used to create proteins. The unit of translocation may be a chromosome (chromosomal translocation) or a chromatid (chromatid translocation). This is the currently selected item. Co-translational translocation of proteins occurs only if microsomes are present during translation. Biology is brought to you with support from the Amgen Foundation. tRNAs and ribosomes. In remaining experiments, protein translation occurs in vitro before or after the addition of microsomes. Each three-base stretch of mRNA (triplet) is known as a codon, and one codon contains the information for a specific amino acid. The process by which mRNA directs protein synthesis with the assistance of tRNA is called translation. Plants produce carbohydrates (sugars) in their leaves by photosynthesis, but nonphotosynthetic parts of the plant also require carbohydrates and other organic and nonorganic materials. Protein targeting. Protein targeting. The specific sequence of nucleotides in the mRNA molecule provides the code for the production of a protein with a specific sequence of amino acids. Up Next. tRNAs and ribosomes. In botany, or the study of plants, translocation is the movement of material from one place to another within a plant. As translation proceeds there is a rapid inversion from type I to type II topology and translocation of C-terminal flanking residues. 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