The Straits of Malacca is a narrow stretch of water in South East Asia that is 550 miles long and is located between the east coast of the Indonesian island of Sumatra and the west coast of the Malay Peninsula.It is linked to the Strait of Singapore at its southeast end. An especially important point for maritime traffic is the Strait of Malacca, key for trade in the region with the largest population on the planet. New Delhi didn’t hesitate to threaten Beijing by countering China’s violence in June. India had threatened a naval blockade of Pakistan previously during the 1971 war. Joins: Andaman Sea & South China Sea. Well, it seems odd that despite its common socialistic political backgrounds, China and Vietnam remains largely hostile. It is 800 Km long. ; The Strait of Gibraltar is a narrow strait that connects the Atlantic Ocean to the Mediterranean Sea and separates Gibraltar and Peninsular Spain in Europe from Morocco in Africa. Therefore, it will help Indonesia prepare a long-term economic strategy to recover from the pandemic. Strait of Malacca separates Malaysia and Indonesia. These traders sailed to Kedah via the monsoonwinds between June and November. If the Strait of Malacca is blocked, China has not enough energy supplies stored and it can sustain the situation for a very short lapse of time. A strait is a narrow waterway formed by natural means that connects two larger bodies of water. Disrupting the Strait of Malacca could heavily impact China’s energy supply. The waterway, with its narrowest point measuring only 2.8 km wide, is an important conduit for China to connect its naval and trading fleets to the Indian Ocean. Solok Literacy Community has a long-term goal of making Solok City as a Literacy City in 2025. Strait of Malacca After the Strait of Hormuz, the busiest water corridor is the Strait of Malacca. While Gwadar is a safer route as it lies in a third country, the biggest issue is that it passes through Pakistan-administered-Kashmir, a region claimed by India, which New Delhi vehemently objects to the CPEC project. To the west lies the Indian Ocean, with routes extending from the western coast of the Malay Peninsula to the shores of Africa, and to the east the South China Sea, with China is also actively encouraging Myanmar to build an oil pipeline connecting Yunnan to Burmese ports. One thirds of the global transport of crude oil and nearly a quarter of global trade go through this strait, which is … Established on September 21, 2020 in Solok City, West Sumatra Province, Indonesia. But opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience. By that time the Japanese had established a strong foothold in Southeast Asia, and Allied units were gathering in the hopes of fighting them off. Carrying the tagline #penetrategloomy or penetrating the gloom and #lawanpembodohan, members of the Solok Literacy Community or better known as Soliters, will always make innovative breakthroughs in completing the goal of making Solok City 2025 as a Literacy City. After working for Deloitte for three years, she switched to journalism to pursue her interest in media and reporting.She has a bachelor’s degree in commerce and is interested in reporting on subjects including politics, international affairs and business and finance.CONTACT: Online Consumer Complaint in India – Register Your Online Consumer Complaint HERE. The Bering Strait is an important waterway between the easternmost point of Asia and … Malacca Strait. This strait connects Okhotsk sea and sea of Japan. Today, these two civilizational states, sharing religio-cultural links dating many centuries back, is coming together again to ensure a favourable balance of power in Asia. The Strait of Malacca connects the Andaman sea(Indian Ocean) and the South China sea(Pacific Ocean). Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration. Currently, the transport of goods between East Asian countries, Europe and Africa must have the Strait of Malacca, controlled by Singapore, as a route – provided it is fast. STRAIT OF MALACCA (NNS) -- The Essex Amphibious Ready Group (ARG) navigated through the Strait of Malacca June 14, while transiting toward the 5th Fleet area of responsibility (AOR) in support of maritime security operations. Singapore had proposed to use U.S. warships, thus becoming the largest U.S. military base in Asia. The Bosporus Strait (or Bosphorus) connects the Black Sea to the Sea of Marmara. The violent clashes at the Indo-Sino border including the first one in June that killed 20 Indian troops have led to severe escalations of tensions. Thailand is located at the centre of the Indochina peninsula and leads to the important Mekong region and South Asia. Theories such as ‘String of Pearls’ shed light on an overambitious Beijing, whichattempts to encircle India with ports and bases operating under its control. According to the data of the U.S. Energy Information Administration, over 30% of maritime crude oil trade passes through the South China Sea.Over 90% of the crude oil arriving in that sea pass through the Strait of Malacca, i.e. A confrontation with any of its powerful adversaries will leave its trade routes especially the Malacca Strait and even the and China–Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), vulnerable to attacks. People lose their jobs and GDP expected to shrink by 1.5 percent. Notwithstanding all this, India’s response has been robust and proactive. Is Sino-Russian partnership posing a strategic threat to U.S. and democracy worldwide? Currently, eighty percent of China’s oil has to pass through the Strait of Malacca, a narrow stretch of water between the Indonesian island of Sumatra and the Malay Peninsula. The Paracel and the Spratly Islands in the South China Sea has been historically considered part of Vietnam. Many appreciations and positive impressions from the surrounding community continue to be received by the Solok Literacy Community. How the West failed to understand contemporary Russia. Straits of Malacca is a funnel-shaped narrow waterway of 800 km long that connects the South China Sea and the Andaman Sea. *Arie Afriansyah is a Senior Lecturer in international law and Chairman of the Center for Sustainable Ocean Policy at University of Indonesia. This would enable to spare time and reduce shipping costs as the route gets 1,000 kilometres shorter. The Geneva Accords of 1954, which ended the First Indochina War, gave the erstwhile South Vietnam control of territories south of the 17th Parallel, which included these island groups. The strait has a width of about 890 kilometres and a depth of 25 meters. KUALA LUMPUR – As the world focuses warily on China’s moves to dominate and militarise the South China Sea, tensions simmering in the Strait of Malacca which risks becoming another flashpoint have been largely overlooked. India has enjoyed one area of strategic advantage over China for many years: its ability to interdict Chinese shipping at the Malacca Strait. Strait of Malacca, which separates the Malay Peninsula from Sumatra, and connects the Indian Ocean with the South China Sea. Early traders from Arabia, Africa, Persia, and the Southern Indian kingdoms reached Kedah before arriving at Guangzhou. It runs between the Indonesian island of Sumatra to the west and peninsular (West) Malaysia and extreme southern Thailand to the east and has an area of about 25,000 square miles (65,000 square km). This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. On September 24, 2019 Singapore and the United States signed the Protocol amending the 1990 Memorandum of Understanding on the U.S. use of facilities in Singapore. The Strait of Malacca is the shortest shipping route between the Far East and the Indian Ocean. The Strait of Malacca became an important maritime trade route between India and China. These cookies do not store any personal information. Last month, India’s National Security Adviser Ajit Doval visited Sri Lanka to revive a trilateral maritime security dialogue with India’s two most important South Asian maritime neighbours, the islands of Sri Lanka and the Maldives. The Strait of Malacca, which flows between Indonesia, Malaysia, and Singapore, connects the Indian Ocean with the Pacific Ocean through the South China Sea. The importance of this is underlined by China’s 2018 Arctic policy. The U.S. military vessels in all the ports of the Strait can be used without prior notice. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Is Mike Pompeo the worst Secretary of State in history? The trade route to the Indian Ocean across the Strait of Malacca has problems with pirates, shipwrecks, mist, sediments and shallows. Smriti has studied journalism from Xavier Institute of Communications in Mumbai. Moreover, the land route passes through the disputed Gilgit-Baltistan region, which is under Pakistani control, but is also claimed by India. The Strait of Messina is a strait in the south of Italy, between the island of Sicily and Calabria, which connects the Tyrrhenian Sea and the Ionian Sea, both of which are part of the larger Mediterranean Sea. Middle East futures: Decade(s) of defiance and dissent. , the Indian Navy had quietly deployed its warship in the South China Sea and Malacca Straits just after the Galwan valley clash, blocking PLA Navy’s misadventures and threatening to block the crucial straits of Malacca. Since 2015 there has been a plan that could break the balance. 1.43°N 102.89°E  / 1.43; 102.89 The Strait of Malacca is a narrow, 805 km (500 mile) stretch of water between Peninsular Malaysia (West Malaysia ) and the Indonesian island of Sumatra They traded glassware, camphor, cotton goods, brocades, ivory, sandalwood, perfume, and precious stones. VS Reddy, a research assistant at the Nuclear and Space Policy Initiative of the ORF believes that “China has been pressing to complete the Gwadar port in Pakistan and build the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), allowing it to be connected overland to an Indian Ocean port. Thailand may not operate and run it as planned, but it would reap the greatest benefits from it. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. So, India’s engagement with Vietnam, which has a long coast in this sea, is a serious matter of concern for Beijing. “Diskusi Ngopi” activities which in fact is the concept of FGD (Focus Group Discussion), run with interesting themes and issues so that it can be considered as one of the favorite programs that are often attended by many young people in Solok. Therefore, this article argues that now is the right time for Indonesia to maximize its Continental Shelf claim under the law of the sea convention for at least three reasons. The government has already approved a $2.4 million budget to ascertain the feasibility of the project. Afghan Peace Talks: Afghanistan’s Chief Peace Negotiator Lands In Pakistan. The United States has deployed more advanced weapons and equipment in Singapore. The 100-kilometre artificial connection with the Indian Ocean would benefit not only China and ASEAN, but also trade of Japan and other countries, including the EU. The Gwadar port in Pakistan is a land route alternative allowing goods unloaded at the port to be shipped to China. The Indian Navy has been building partnership with all the littoral states and small island states such as Mauritius and Seychelles to counter the Chinese threat. They returned between December and May. There was no reason given for China's raised alert in the Malacca Strait, a stretch of water passing Malaysia, Singapore and Indonesia that connects the Indian and Pacific oceans. The Strait of Malacca and the Indonesian archipelago. OpEd: Smriti Chaudhary. The Kra Canal would be controlled by China. Widest strait of world – Denmark strait (or Greenland strait) which separates Greenland from Iceland. The dense maritime traffic that passes through the Strait of Malacca, one of the busiest sea-routes of the world, has revived interest in the long-awaited Kra Canal project, which would artificially l According to the data of the U.S. Energy Information Administration, over 30% of maritime crude oil trade passes through the South China Sea. Turkey, Pakistan Vow Full Support To Azerbaijan Against Armenia; US, Iran Call For De-Escalation. During the Vietnam War, India supported the North, despite being a non-communist country, but without forging open hostilities with the South. The Strait of Malacca's name was derived from the Malacca Sultanate, who governed the archipelago from 1400 until 1511. In mid-March 1943 the Grenadier left its base en route to the Strait of Malacca, a 600-mile body of water that connects the Pacific and Indian oceans. Second only to the Strait of Hormuz as a key oil and gas conduit, the Strait of Malacca connects Middle Eastern and African energy supplies to Asian economies. Reportedly, the Indian warships are maintaining close contact with the US counterparts over secure communication systems while sending both overt and covert message to China over its Achilles heal – the Malacca Straits. The Strait of Malacca became an important maritime trade route between India and China. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! On September 24, 2019 Singapore and the United States signed the Protocol amending the 1990 Memorandum of Understanding on the U.S. use of facilities in Singapore. China is willing to invest significantly and the aim is to bypass U.S. control, which has completely blocked China from the Pacific islands to Southeast Asia. While China is finding itself getting entangled in serious standoffs with several countries including India and the US, it is unlikely that Beijing can afford a full-scale war on multiple fronts. Located between the Malay Peninsula and the Island of … Two Ways that Trump Spread Covid-19 in U.S. Israel continues its air strikes against Syria after Biden’s inauguration: What’s next? The Strait of Malacca is a natural water route between Indonesia and Malaysia, with a high commercial importance. The Malacca Strait Bridge (Indonesian: Jembatan Selat Malaka, Malaysian: Jambatan Selat Melaka or JSM and Jembatan Selmal) is a proposed bridge that would connect Telok Gong, near Masjid Tanah, Malacca state in Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia to Rupat Island and Dumai in Sumatra island, Indonesia. This is a part of China’s Maritime Silk Road initiative, a key constituent of the ambitious One Belt One Road project. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. According to top military officials cited by HT, the airstrip at INS Kohassa, Shibpur in North Andamans and the Campbell strip at Nicobar will be upgraded into full-fledged fighter bases. 23. The port is not yet operating at capacity, but the direction seems clear. Bab-ul-Mandab disconnects Arabian Peninsula from Africa and joins Red Sea and Persian Gulf. A permanent Indian presence in the South China Sea is something which Beijing’s never wish to see materialise in the new future. Interesting Facts about Straits of World. The 7th Fleet can cross the Strait of Malacca, enter the Indian Ocean and the Arabian Sea and reach the Gulf region within 24 hours. Kedah provided accommodations, porters, small vessels, bamboo rafts, elephants, as well as tax collections fo… Suddenly, the world changed; 50% in one-way and 50% the other way. Views Personel, Copyright ©2021. Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Location: Indonesia –Malaysia. . Sunda Strait. Currently, eighty percent of China’s oil has to pass through the Strait of Malacca, a narrow stretch of water between the Indonesian island of Sumatra and the Malay Peninsula. Strait of Tartary disconnects the Russian Island of Sakhalin from mainland Asia and Connects Sea of Okhotsk on the north with the Sea of Japan on the south. Rising Pak-Turk Cultural Diplomacy: “Dirilis Ertugrul”- The Prime Catalyst, Global War on Terror: Pakistan’s Role and Evolving Security Architecture for sustainable peace. The Strait of Malacca is the shortest waterway which connects the Indian Ocean to the South China Sea and the Pacific Ocean. It also separates Asian Turkey from European Turkey (Trace), thus it separates the two continents. China has also opened a military base in Djibouti, overlooking the Indian Ocean, in 2017 and it has also gained control of the strategic port of Hambantota in the southern tip of the island of Sri Lanka, the same year. The countries that have a large economic power gap vis-à-vis the United States are defined as “far away”, while the others close to the United States in terms of economic power and strength are defined as “near”. Straits are sometimes navigable, depending on factors such as width and depth. And, Beijing has invested a whopping $60B in the CPEC project, so India endangers both Chinese supply lines and economic interest in the region. During this month’s virtual summit, Prime Minister Modi has also reiterated that Vietnam is a key partner of India in its Indo-Pacific vision, a term that Beijing vehemently opposes and considers as a containment strategy against its rise led by the United States. Second, as the Indo-Pacific region is getting more significant in world affairs, it is strategic for Indonesia to have a more strategic presence in the region. According to top military officials cited by. China's apprehension is that major naval powers are controlling the Malacca Strait between Malaysia and Indonesia as a result of which vital supply lines are interdicted. China is also neck-deep in confrontation with the US over Taiwan, where it appears that a war can break-out any day. The other route around the Malacca Strait is the Northern Sea Route, up and around Russia. Strait of Malacca connects the Andaman Sea (Indian Ocean) and the South China Sea (Pacific Ocean). However, the most important thing to realize the potential benefit of the extended continental shelf as discussed earlier, Indonesia should have a strategy and road map how what to do after Indonesia gets the extended continental shelf. “. As long as there are military disputes in East and Southeast Asia, the United States will immediately block the Strait of Malacca and hence control the whole crude oil transport system. Being a key part of India’s ‘Act East’ policy and ‘Quad Plus’ conceptualisation, Vietnam’s role is poised to increase in the years to come as China continues to project its power in Asia and beyond. Route around the Malacca Strait connects Okhotsk Sea and Java Sea surface of 721.5 square kilometres only, less the... Odd that despite its common socialistic political backgrounds, China proved by.. From the Himalayas to the Sea of Japan of making Solok City, west Sumatra,..., up and around Russia Sea route, up and around Russia the pandemic maritime border with any States. Against Armenia ; US, Iran Call for De-Escalation energy prices and start. Channel is a funnel-shaped narrow waterway formed by natural means that connects the Pacific and Indian Ocean emergence! 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