Maulana was a firm believer in the co-existence of religions. He was born in Mecca, but the family relocated to Calcutta in 1890. Born: 11 November 1888, Saudi Arabia Died: 22 February 1958, Delhi Full name: Maulana Sayyid Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin Ahmed Azad Education: Al-Azhar University (1905–1907) Awards:. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was born Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin on November 11, 1888 in Mecca, Islam's main center of pilgrimage. Birth info about Maulana Abul Kalam Azad. For his invaluable contribution to the nation, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was posthumously awarded India’s highest civilian honor, the ‘Bharat Ratna’ in 1992. Read this Essay on Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (1888 A.D. – 1958 A.D.) Bharat Ratna Maulana Azad died on February 22, 1958 as Education Minister of India. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was a brilliand debater, as indicated by his name, Abul Kalam, which literally means "Lord of dialogue" He adopted the pen name Azad as a mark of his mental emancipation from a narrow view of religion and life. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad. When Maulana Azad reached Bihar, he was arrested and put under house arrest. He became the youngest President of the Indian National Congress in 1923.He always supported the cause of Hindu-Muslim unity and opposed the demand for a separate Muslim state of Pakistan. To commemorate his legacy, his birthday i.e. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was one of such talents. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was born on 11 November 1888 in Mecca, Osmani Kingdom (now Saudi Arabia). Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was posthumously awarded ‘Bharat Ratna’, India's highest civilian honor, in 1992. On August 9, 1942, Maulana Azad was arrested along with most of the Congress leadership. For his invaluable contribution to the nation, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was posthumously awarded India's highest civilian honor, the ‘Bharat Ratna’ in 1992. ‘Ghubar-e-Khatir’ is one of his most noted works which he wrote between 1942 and 1946. On February 22, 1958 Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, one of the foremost leaders of the Indian freedom struggle passed away. Two years later, at the age of thirteen, Azad was married to young Zuleikha Begum. DEVELOPMENT OF THOUGHT: Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, born in Mecca in 1888, was a rare combination of scholar, a statesman of the old-world refinement and culture and modem ardour of freedom and progress. Maulana Azad’s written statement before a colonial court in Calcutta is part of an Urdu book titled Qaul e Faisal, parts of which have been produced in A.G. Noorani’s seminal book Indian Political Trials (1775-1947). Born : AD 1888 Died : AD 1958 . In Turkey, Maulana Azad met the leaders of the Young Turks Movement. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was born Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin on November 11, 1888 in Mecca, Islam's main center of pilgrimage. During that time, the idea of an independent India had solidified and Maulana headed the Constituent Assembly Elections within Congress as well as led the negotiations with the British Cabinet mission to discuss the terms of independence. He presided over the special session of Congress in September 1923 and was said to be the youngest man elected as the President of the Congress. Privacy Policy. He was a great Nationalist leader, a staunch Congressman, a firm Gandhite and had been to jail several times. He was one of the most important leaders behind the Dharasana Satyagraha in 1931. He adopted the pen name Azad (Free). 4) Maulana Azad was self-taught in his homeand he knew Urdu, Hindi, Persian, Arabic, etc. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was born on 11 November, 1888 in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad or Maulana Sayyid Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin Ahmed bin Khairuddin Al-Hussaini Azad was born on November 11, 1888. He was a prominent political leader of the Indian National Congress and was elected as Congress President in 1923 and 1940. विवाह (Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Marriage) : मौलाना अबुल कलाम का विवाह 13 वर्ष की आयु में जुलेखा बेगम के साथ हुआ था। Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Biography in Hindi His dream was that of a unified independent India where Hindu and Muslims co-habited peacefully. In 1956, he served as president of the UNESCO General Conference in Delhi. He was likewise an author, poet, and reporter. It is an excellent writing on history and Islam that describes the events of the past. He was eleven years old when his mother passed away. मौलाना अबुल कलाम आजाद की जीवनी | Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Biography in Hindi. Copyright © CulturalIndia.net   All Rights Reserved. Memorial: Abul Kalam Azad tomb, New Delhi, India Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was one of the most influential independence activists during India’s freedom struggle. Descendant of the eminent scholars of the Islamic religion, learning and writing came naturally to young Azad. The author talked about some saints who stayed in a cave for many years. He married Zulaikha Begum when he was thirteen years old. Cumulatively, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was a visionary politician, a major journalist, a remarkable prose stylist, and a notable commentator of the Holy Quran. Abul Kalam Azad (1888-1958)--President of the Indian National Congress from 1939 to 1946, outspoken opponent of Jinnah and Partition, symbol of the Muslim will to coexist in a secular India, and scholar and intellectual--was one of modern India's most important leaders. He was also a noted writer, poet and journalist. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad established the Indian Institute of Technology and also contributed in the foundation of the University Grant Commission. He vehemently opposed the idea of partition based on religion and was deeply hurt when the idea went forward to give rise to Pakistan. He wanted to bring Muslims into the Congress fold. Maulana Azad had his initial formal education in Arabic, Persian and Urdu with theological orientation and then philosophy, geometry, mathematics and algebra. He travelled all over the country giving speeches and leading various programs of the movement. Abul Kalam Azad, original name Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin, also called Maulana Abul Kalam Azad or Maulana Azad, (born November 11, 1888, Mecca [now in Saudi Arabia]—died February 22, 1958, New Delhi, India), Islamic theologian who was one of the leaders of the Indian independence movement against British rule in the first half of the 20th century. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad became the first education minister of independent India. Azads were the descendent of eminent Ulama or scholars of Islam. He was the son of an Indian Muslim scholar living in Mecca and his Arabic wife. Rajkumar Mali - April 1, 2017. Unfazed by the move, Maulana Azad, few months later, launched a new weekly, called "Al-Balagh". Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was born on 11 November 1888 in Mecca, Osmani Kingdom (now Saudi Arabia). 6) In 1912 Maulana Azad started publishing aweekly newspaper in Urd… 1) Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was a freedom fighter and a social and political activist. Azad was the first education minister of independent India. Azad attained most of his education from his father. His exhaustive book on India’s freedom struggle titled ‘India Wins Freedom’ was published in 1957. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was conceived Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin on November 11, 1888 in Mecca, Islam’s principle focus of journey. It is part history, part biography, part religious tome, part soliloquy, part personal musings, and part Abul Kalam Azad relishing in the echo of his own voice and sheer vanity. Publications: Ghubar-e-Khatir (1942-1946); India Wins Freedom (1978); Memorial: Abul Kalam Azad tomb, New Delhi, India. He held office from 1947 to 1958 in Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru's cabinet. The weekly was a platform to attack the policies of the British Government and highlight the problems faced by the common Indians. Ghubar-e-Khatir (Sallies of Mind) is one of the most important works of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, written primarily during 1942 to 1946 when he was imprisoned in Ahmednagar Fort. His major works include Ghubaar-e-Khatir, Tazkira, and Tarjuman-ul-Quran. Under Maulana Azad's tenure, a number of measures were undertaken to promote primary and secondary education, scientific education, establishment of universities and promotion of avenues of research and higher studies. He became the Congress president in 1940 and continued till 1945 and during that time, the Quit India rebellion also came up. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was one of the most significant freedom activists during India’s freedom struggle. But these developments disturbed the British Government and in 1914, the British Government put a ban on the weekly. His birthday, November 11, is celebrated as National Education Day in India. It was consequently banned in 1914, following which he started a new journal, the Al-Balagh. A dog also stayed with there for hundreds of years, and Allah Almighty slept them for a long. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was born on November 11, 1888 in Mecca. He also learnt English language, world history, and politics on his own. He wholeheartedly advocated the principles of the non-cooperation movement and in the process became drawn to Gandhi and his philosophy. Abul Kalam Azad, original name Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin, also called Maulana Abul Kalam Azad or Maulana Azad, (born November 11, 1888, Mecca [now in Saudi Arabia]—died February 22, 1958, New Delhi, India), Islamic theologian who was one of the leaders of the Indian independence movement against British rule in the first half of the 20th century. Till in his teens, Muhiyuddin used the pseudonym Abul Kalam Azad acquired a high reputation for his writings on religion and literature in the standard Urdu journals of that time. 1) Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was a freedomfighter and a social and political activist. Share. His mother was the daughter of a rich Arabian Sheikh and his father, Maulana Khairuddin, was a Bengali Muslim of Afghan origin. Image Credit: http://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/images/maulana-abul-kalam-azad-6.jpg. Abdul Kalam Azad headed the Jamiat ul Ulema as President in 1924, and the Nationalist Muslim Conference five years later in the same capacity. Maulana Azad emerged as an important national leader of the Indian National Congress Party. Google+. He worked closely with Vallabhbahi Patel and Dr. Rajendra Prasad. His father's name was Maulana Syed Muhammad Khairuddin bin Ahmed Al-Husseini and his mother was Sheikh Alia Bint Mohammad. In 1930, Maulana Azad was arrested for violation of the salt laws as part of Gandhiji's Salt Satyagraha. Facebook. Interestingly, the Motilal Nehru Report was severely criticized by a number of Muslim personalities involved with the freedom movement. Abdul Kalam Azad headed the Jamiat ul Ulema as President in 1924, and the Nationalist Muslim Conference five years later in the same capacity. The paper became so popular that its circulation figures went up to 26,000 copies. Will India be able to bring back Black Money? Maulana Abul Kalam Azad biography timelines // 11th Nov 1888 Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was born as Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin on November 11, 1888 in Mecca, Saudi Arabia to Maulana Muhammad Khairuddin and Zulaikha Begum. 3) Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was … Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was born to father Bengali Maulana Muhammad Khairuddin and mother Arab. Mecca, Hejaz Vilayet, Ottoman Empire (now Saudi Arabia). 5) Maulana Azad during his late teenage becamean active person in the field of journalism. Rahmatullah said in Wednesday. In his childhood, Azad had a traditional Islamic education, along with training in subjects like mathematics, philosophy, world history and science by tutors at his home. Tazkirah is a fascinating look at Muslim history of India through a very personalized lens. 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