Made for tombs or as intercessory statues for temples, they functioned as symbols of the deceased’s religious piety and his hope for rebirth. Burial goods continued to be commonplace in tombs. Recent Class Questions. Built by Senusret I, it was comprised of a vast mix of temples, chapels, pylons , and other buildings. Starting in the First Intermediate period, wooden models became very popular, often depicting everyday activities that the deceased expected to continue doing in the afterlife. Egyptian eye of Horus mug coffee or tea cup. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Slab stelae, when used for funerary purposes, were commonly commissioned by dignitaries and their wives. Middle Kingdom pectoral, from the tomb of a queen or princess gold and semi-precious stones Symbols of rebirth: Horus, Ankh, Djed Pillar. In the Christian west, devotion tends to be identified with the erect figure of the orant who extends his or arms towards the heavens in an act of supplication. Ankhwennefer is shown squatting on the ground. Unlike the Old Kingdom, however, Middle Kingdom royal pyramids were not quite as well constructed, and so few of them remain as pyramid structures today. This realm is described as containing threatening beings, traps, and snares for which the deceased must be prepared. Block Statue of Shebenhor ... with their cloaks drawn over the feet and their arms crossed were a frequent Egyptian sculptural type since the Middle Kingdom (ca. ... Block statue of Senenmut, Royal Tutor to Princess Neferure Shown with the princess, who wears a uraeus New Kingdom. The sculpture of the first half of the 18th Dynasty is similar to that of the Middle Kingdom (about 2025-1700 BC). In his sixth year, he re-dredged an Old Kingdom canal around the first cataract to facilitate travel to upper Nubia, using this to launch a series of brutal campaigns. Shabtis were created to act as the deceased’s servants, performing the manual labor necessary for the plentiful existence of the afterlife. Date: ca. They also served as doorway lintels as early as the third millennium BCE, most famously decorating the home of Old Kingdom architect Hemon. Middle Kingdom, 12th Dynasty, reign of Senusret III, 1872-1853 BCE. Media in category "Statues of the Egyptian Middle Kingdom" The following 48 files are in this category, out of 48 total. Mirror with Papyriform Handle, Middle Kingdom, twelfth dynasty, circa 1938, 1759 BC. Compare in contrast this fellow from ancient Egypt, Middle Kinddom. ), Sandstone, paint, 7 7/8 in Only the head, hands and feet emerge from a cloak that he has drawn tightly around his body. The fortress itself extended more than 150 meters along the west bank of the Nile, covering 13,000 square meters, and had within its wall a small town laid out in a grid system.  The block statue grew in popularity in the New Kingdom and the Third Intermediate Period, and by the Late Period, this type of statue was the most common. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Block statue. Mud was collected from the nearby Nile River, placed in molds, and left to dry and harden in the hot sun until they formed bricks for construction. Block Statue of Hetep Granodiorite Saqqara, Teti Pyramid Cemetery, Tomb of Hetep Middle Kingdom, 12th Dynasty, Reign of Amenemhat I (1991 - 1962 BCE) Hetep served in the court of the Middle Kingdom pharaoh Amenemhat I, and built his tomb near the pyramid of the Old Kingdom ruler Teti, in whose funerary cult he also functioned. A type of sculpture called the "block statue" became popular. Head and torso of a noblewoman (Twelfth Dynasty): This sculpture, commissioned by a noblewoman, provides evidence of gender equality among the elite during the Middle Kingdom. The fortress also included the administration for the whole fortified region. Black Pyramid of Amenemhat III: Middle Kingdom pyramids consist of mud brick and clay encased in limestone. It would continue to be a mainstay of Egyptian art for 2,000 years. Egyptians were well known for their stelae, the earliest of which date back to the mid- to late third millennium BCE. Royal funerary practices in the Middle Kingdom remained much the same as in the Old Kingdom, with kings continuing to build pyramids for their burials. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. 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